March 20, 2024
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How to Become a CRNA as an NP in 2024 (Comprehensive Guide)

Many Nurse Practitioners dream of advancing in their careers, seeking roles that provide both a challenge and a lucrative paycheck. One such role is that of a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA).

Since the American Civil War, CRNAs have been crucial to medical care, administering anesthesia in various settings such as rural hospitals to the US Armed Forces. Their contributions remain significant, providing anesthetic care to patients across a broad spectrum.

If you’ve ever wondered how to become a CRNA as a Nurse Practitioner (NP), you’re in the right place.

Delving deep into the history, roles, and requirements of a CRNA, this blog post will guide you on the pathway from an NP to a CRNA, a highly esteemed profession in the healthcare world.

What is a CRNA?

Advanced practice nurses, called Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs), specialize in administering anesthetics. They have a long history from the American Civil War when they were first used to give anesthesia.

Formal education for nurse anesthetists began in 1931 with the foundation of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA). The AANA, having introduced a certification program in 1945, laid foundational blocks for the profession.

Nowadays, CRNAs play a crucial role in healthcare, particularly in areas with limited medical resources. They provide similar services as anesthesiologists and are recognized in all 50 US states. Many CRNAs work independently and are eligible for Medicare payments.

CRNAs Daily Duties

A CRNA’s day comes with vital responsibilities. Their tasks are both meticulous and ever-changing.

Here’s a breakdown:

Work Settings

Diverse environments embrace CRNAs.

Beyond hospital operating rooms, they’re instrumental in cardiac cath labs, delivery wards, outpatient clinics, doctor’s offices, dentists and plastic surgeons, and mobile surgical units.

Here’s an updated overview of their employment based on data from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics:

Necessary Skills and Qualities

To thrive as a CRNA, you require the following:

  • Astute critical thinking, especially under stress.
  • Exceptional attention to detail, encompassing equipment, patient history, and real-time physiological changes.
  • Stellar communication skills to liaise with patients, their families, and the medical team.
  • Leadership prowess, given the authoritative roles CRNAs often assume.

The Path to Becoming a CRNA

For those keen on this specialized nursing trajectory, a structured path exists:

  • Acquire a BSN degree.
  • Successfully clear the NCLEX-RN.
  • Enroll in an accredited nurse anesthesia program.
  • Triumph over the CRNA certification exam.
  • Ensure recertification every two years.

What is the salary of a CRNA?

As of March 2024, the median salary for Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) in the United States is $214,100.

It is important to note that the salary range typically falls between $199,100 and $231,100.


Aspiring to be CRNA as a Nurse Practitioner (NP) is an ambitious yet rewarding pursuit. Not only does it amplify one’s professional standing, but it also plays an integral role in patient care, ensuring optimal outcomes during and post-surgery.

For NPs contemplating this transition, understanding CRNA’s history, significance, responsibilities, and growth avenues is essential.

While the route to becoming a CRNA is undoubtedly challenging, it’s a journey that promises immense professional and personal rewards.

And to make your transition smoother, join NPHub. We’re here to find the clinical rotations you need.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Can a Nurse Practitioner (NP) become a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA)?

Yes, an NP can pursue a career as a CRNA. However, they would need to meet the prerequisites for and complete an accredited nurse anesthesia educational program.

What are the educational requirements to transition from NP to CRNA?

NPs must complete a graduate-level accredited nurse anesthesia program, typically requiring a Bachelor’s Degree in Nursing, a certain amount of critical care experience, and prerequisites like specific coursework or certifications.

How long does it take for an NP to become a CRNA?

Nurse anesthesia programs usually last 2-3 years. For NPs, the duration might be similar, but the prior experience and knowledge they bring can be advantageous during admissions and throughout the program.

Is critical care experience necessary for an NP to become a CRNA?

Given the acute nature of anesthesia care, most nurse anesthesia programs require applicants to have critical care experience. While NPs might have vast clinical experience, they should ensure it aligns with the specific requirements of the CRNA program they’re eyeing.

How does the role of an NP differ from that of a CRNA?

NPs diagnose and treat patients in primary care, while CRNAs specialize in anesthesia and managing patients during procedures.

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